In her rubber boots and a planting plan in her hands, karin klein-schmidt trudges through the heavy soil near the hammerbach forest. Klein-schmidt is from the landscape conservation association of central franconia (LPV) and is responsible for a series of compensatory measures for the city of herzogenaurach.
Hedges and fruit trees are currently being planted on three urban parcels of land in the hammerbach district and near the airfield. Two compensation areas will be created to compensate for the impact on nature and the landscape caused by the planned development in the future commercial area next to bamberger strabe. The third compensation area is dedicated to the new herzo base (2. And 3. Construction phase). Part of the ecological compensation has already been implemented with the replacement reforestation in hofen and the renaturation of the dambach stream. Further m-measures will follow in the spring of next year.
On the former 10.000 square meters of coarse arable land and another equally coarse flat near the "deep pond" near hammerbach, a rough meadow with woody structures is to be developed. At the southern and western edge is currently planted a natural hedge with a width of 10 meters, with species such as blackthorn and dog rose. "Due to the width, this will be a very good breeding and storage area for bird species that breed in the hedges", explains the landscape manager.
Trees from boxdorf
24 high trunks with regional fruit varieties will be planted on a good third of the area. The trees come from a tree nursery in boxdorf "they specialize in old varieties", female klein-schmidt to pay. On a further third, the nutrient-rich topsoil will be removed and a species-rich meager meadow with wild herbs and wildflowers will be created "a special refuge for small animals and insects, we will finish this in the spring, in the last few weeks it was simply too wet", explain monika preinl, from the city’s environmental office, and the landscape manager.
A maintenance regime established over 25 years (annual mowing in july, no manure or herbicides, and regular wood pruning) will allow the former fields to develop into a habitat rich in species and structures.
Our landscape with fields, meadows, hedges and forests is a cultural landscape, which has been created for centuries by human activity and is constantly being changed. Small-scale land use has created a diverse landscape with a variety of habitats for plants and animals.
But many habitats are now threatened by abandonment, as it is no longer profitable to cultivate these "marginal lands". Without use or maintenance, these flat areas fall fallow and develop into forest in the long term. Colorful meadows and pastures and flowering fruit trees disappear from the landscape.
That’s why the landscape conservation association is committed to the conservation-oriented maintenance of these habitats. Compensation areas serve to compensate for interventions in the natural environment. The compensation should be ecologically meaningful, effective in the long term and affordable. Compensation areas are used to compensate for interventions in the natural balance. By planting hedges, rows of trees and orchards, creating small water bodies or extensifying farmland, the network of near-natural habitats in the landscape is to be tightened.
Compensating for impacts on nature
for interventions in nature and the landscape, compensation measures are prescribed in accordance with the legal requirements of the building code, the federal nature conservation act and the landscape act, which are suitable for compensating for the respective interventions in the natural environment.
The cost of constructing and maintaining the three compensation areas amounts to around 33 euros.000 euro. At the end of the 25-year development period, the total cost of the project is estimated at 175 €.000 euro can be expected. The costs are apportionable via the cost contribution reimbursement.
The practical work on the biotope plots is mainly done by local farmers, who find an additional source of income in nature conservation. At hammerbach, jurgen thomann is responsible for maintenance, and in the first few years he will also supply the trees with the necessary water from his adjacent pond.