Companies in germany train more and more refugees. According to a survey by the association of german chambers of industry and commerce (DIHK), 16 percent of companies train cursed workers.
Last year, the figure was 14 percent; two years ago, it was seven percent, according to the DIHK. A total of around 25 young people are currently.000 cursed in an apprenticeship at an IHK company.
If you add the skilled trades, the figure is around 44.000. There are currently a total of 1.3 million trainees. According to the german chamber of industry and commerce (DIHK), the catering, construction and transport sectors in particular are training a large number of cursed workers.
Companies reported that refugees showed a rough motivation in their training, said DIHK deputy managing director achim dercks in berlin. German language skills continue to be a major issue.
All those involved had learned that cursed people should not start training too early because they would then fail due to a lack of german language skills. "The companies’ commitment to training must be supplemented by language instruction and, as far as possible, continuous support during the transition to training."
In general, the DIHK sees the downward trend in apprenticeship contracts as having stopped for the time being – despite demographic developments and the "propensity to study" of many young people. The number of apprenticeship contracts signed is expected to remain stable this year, dercks said. However, the german economy was still finding it difficult to fill all vacant training positions.
The challenge for companies to develop the urgently needed next generation of skilled workers remains huge, said dercks. This development will become even more pronounced in the future, as the so-called baby boomer generation approaches retirement. "In the coming years, many experienced employees will have to be replaced in the companies. We must therefore not slacken our efforts to attract a higher proportion of school leavers to vocational training."
At the same time, dercks said many vocational schools urgently needed to be modernized, especially in view of the digital world of work. The DIHK sees a financing requirement of 2.5 billion euros for investments in vocational schools alone. This is half of the agreed 5 billion euros for the digitalization of all schools in germany.
The competition between companies has intensified: while many companies were still able to select trainees a few years ago, today it is often the trainees who choose the right company. According to the survey, young people’s IT skills are becoming an increasingly important recruitment criterion – 77 percent of the farms stated that this was the case.
As the federal employment agency reported at the end of july, there were still around 207 vacancies in july.200 unfilled training positions to be filled. In purely arithmetical terms, there were 35.200 more apprenticeships than applicants. The training year began on 1. August started.
The deputy chairwoman of the DGB, elke hannack, said that unfilled apprenticeship positions were one thing. "On the other hand, the number of young people who have not completed their education is rising continuously."The federal government urgently needs to address the lack of education among young people. We need a training guarantee, otherwise this trend will be exacerbated by digitalization."